Possible Sample – Test 2
LSAT Comparative Reading – Release Date – June 11, 2007
The LSAT has announced that effective June 2007 the Reading Comprehension section of the LSAT will include some questions types of the “Comparative Reading” format. Comparative reading questions involve two passages. The two passages together will be about as long as one traditional reading comprehension passages. The questions you will be asked will include:
- questions about only one of the passages
- questions about the other passage
- questions that will be based on information about both of the passages
LSAT has made it clear that:
“A few of the questions that follow a comparative reading passage pair might concern only one of the two passages, but most questions will be about both passages and how they relate to each other.”
Current information from LSAT may be found here:
Possible Comparative Reading Exercises – This Is Purely Speculative!!
LSAT will not release sample Comparative Reading questions until February 2007. Hence, it is impossible to know exactly what the format will be. Nevertheless, here are some possible samples to get you started.
Passages provided by Nova Press: www.novapress.net
We’ve all been through Biology class, so we’re familiar with Punic squares and the likelihood that two brown-eyed parents will have brown-eyed children. And we also know that genetics has something to do with our hair color, height, and build. But what about our personality? Nature vs. nurture is an age-old controversy. It is one argument that has yet to be won, and theories abound. One thing is clear, however: there is definitely more to it than nature. A family with multiple children makes this obvious because each child has his or her own distinct personality. Rarely is there a family, even one with twins, where each child exhibits identical personality traits to that of his siblings; rather, each child develops his own personality through nurture. Anyone who has a mother, a father, or a sibling can attest to the fact that there is a lot more to it than nature.
Whether a person is shy or extroverted, conservative or adventurous, that person inherited these traits from his parents. Although personality is not completely dependent upon genetics, heredity lays the foundation for a person’s personality traits and tendencies. After the foundation has been laid, nurture then steps in and works to develop what nature has presented. For example, through nurture a shy person can learn to become more outgoing; however, this manifestation of personality will never be completely natural for this person because extroversion is not the foundation nature built for him. Equally, a child who does not seem to have natural musical talent may, through nurture, learn to play the piano; however, he will likely have to work twice as hard to become musically fluent as another child who is an inherently talented musician. Clearly, nature and nurture both play a very important role in the development of personality, but it is nature that initially forms a personality, and it is nature that ultimately shines through no matter how much nurturing takes place.
31. Which of the following would weaken the argument presented by the author in Passage 1?
(A) A mother and daughter who exhibit some of the same personality traits.
(B) An adopted child who exhibits many of the same personality traits as his adopted parents.
(C) Two brothers: one is an introvert, and one is an extrovert.
(D) Twins separated at birth who exhibit many of the same personality traits.
(E) A mother and daughter who have different personality traits.
32. According to Passage 2, which of the following best defines inherently?
(B) Something given to you when someone dies
33. Which of the following would best describe the relationship between the two passages?
(A) Both passages offer essentially the same argument.
(B) Passage 1 gives an argument which Passage 2 completely refutes.
(C) Passage 1 gives a generalization, while Passage 2 offers a specific example.
(D) Passage 1 offers a generalization, while Passage 1 gives a specific example.
(E) Passage 1 completely refutes an point of view described in Passage 2.
34. Which of the following best defines nature vs. nurture?
(A) outdoor vs. indoor recreation
(B) genetics vs. heredity
(C) personality vs. physical appearance
(D) introversion vs. extroversion
(E) heredity vs. upbringing
Answers And Commentary
31. Choice A is incorrect. This option is rather ambiguous and therefore does not work to weaken the argument presented in Passage 1. A mother and daughter could share some of the same personality traits because of nature or nurture. The author talks more of nurture, but it is impossible to determine from this instance which played a larger role in giving the daughter some of the same traits as her mother.
Choice B is incorrect as it completely supports the author’s view that nurture plays a very large role in personality development. If an adopted child exhibits many of the same personality traits as his adopted parents, these traits were gained through nurture. In order to weaken the author’s argument, the adoptee would have to have many of the same traits as his biological parents.
Choice C is incorrect because it supports the author’s argument that family members, despite the fact that they carry the same genes, often develop different personalities through nurture.
Choice E is incorrect for the same reason as Choice C.
Choice D is the correct answer. If twins were separated at birth but exhibit the same personality traits, this would indicated that nature, not nurture, played a very large role in the development of their personality. This weakens the author’s argument that favors nurture.
32. Choice A is incorrect because inherently does not mean “like normal.”
Choice B is incorrect and is confusing the word inherently with inheritance.
Choice D is incorrect because inherently does not mean “to an extreme.”
Choice E is not correct because it does not properly define inherently.
Choice C is correct because the root word of innately—innate—refers to something that is “inborn” or naturally within a person. This is a synonym to inherently.
33. Choice B is incorrect. Passage 1 discusses both nature and nurture and seems to suggest that nurture plays a larger role in personality development. However, it does not refute the role of nature. Passage 2 seems to suggest that nature plays a larger role; however, it does not refute the role of nurture.
Choice C is incorrect. A generalization is typically a more vague description of a topic than is presented in Passage 1. Both passages give fairly specific examples to support their topics and perspectives.
Choice D is incorrect for the same reason as Choice C.
Choice E is incorrect for the same reason as Choice B.
Choice A is the correct answer. Both passages describe the roles of nature and nurture in the development of personality. Both passages seem to agree that personality does not develop without some input from both nature and nurture.
34. Choice A is clearly not the right answer. Nature has something to do with the outdoors, but nurture has nothing to do with indoor recreation.
Choice B is incorrect. Genetics and heredity are synonymous in this instance, and nature and nurture are not.
Choice C is not correct. Personality involves both nature and nurture. While physical appearance is generally attributed to nature, nurture can play some role in how a person cares for his physical appearance.
Choice D is incorrect. Introversion and extroversion do not define nature and nurture.
Choice is correct. When discussing the controversy of nature vs. nurture, the nature side is referring to the role that genes and heredity play in a person’s development. Nurture refers to a persons upbringing.
Passages provided by Nova Press: www.novapress.net